The Web Presents:

Self-Taught / Vernacular / Visionary /
Outsider / Art Brut / Folk
Art Environments in the United States

"That is happiness; to be dissolved into something complete and great."
Willa Cather

"Oh, Wilderness were Paradise enow!"
Edward FitzGerald's translation of the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam

Q: "Is this your vision?"
A: "It's about living and life and everything I've learned."
Kenny Hill, upon being asked to explain
the meaning of his sculpture garden

  Maps of U.S. Art Environments

  Maps of World Art Environments

  A Tribute to Seymour Rosen

  An Index of Artists' Gravesites

Existing Art Environments


* The link above to custom maps of art environments may have more current status updates.
* See the link below the following list for art environments no longer extant.


  African Village in America, Birmingham

  Ave Maria Grotto, Cullman

  The Cross Garden, Prattville

  Dionicio Rodriguez in Birmingham

  Bird's Farm, Forkland

  Museum of Wonder, Seale

  Te-lah-nay's Wall, near Cloverdale


  Arctic Brotherhood Hall, Skagway


  Eliphante, Cornville

  Louis Lee's Rock Garden, Phoenix

  Mystery Castle, Phoenix

  Sunnyslope Rock Garden, Phoenix

  Art Car World, Douglas

  Valley of the Moon, Tucson


  Dionicio Rodriguez in North Little Rock

  Lacey Michele's Castle, Omaha

  Quigley's Castle, Eureka Springs

  Terra Studios, near Fayetteville


  Bottle Village, Simi Valley

  Old Trapper's Lodge (to be relocated)

  Salvation Mountain, Niland

  The Watts Towers, Watts (+ Scale Model)

  African American Miniature Museum, Compton

  The Art of Patrick Amiot, Sebastopol

  Bottle Tree Ranch, Oro Grande

  Ricardo Breceda's Art Gallery, Aguanga

  Ricardo Breceda's Sky Art Sculptures, Borrego Springs

  Cabot's Pueblo Museum, Desert Hot Springs

  The Castle Peak and Thunder Railroad, Anaheim Hills

  The Circus Trees at Gilroy Gardens, Gilroy

  Court of Mysteries, Santa Cruz

  Crystal Cave at Sky Village, Yucca Valley

  The Sculptures of Simi Dabah, Joshua Tree

  Desert Christ Park, Yucca Valley

  Desert View Tower and Boulder Park, Jacumba

  Taya Doro Mitchell's House (interior), Oakland

  The Dragon House, Sacramento

  East Jesus Community Sculpture Garden, near Niland

  Ehling Mosaic Tile House, Los Angeles

  The Farnam Mosaic House, Santa Monica

  Forestiere Underground Gardens, Fresno

  The Statues of Ken Fox, Auburn

  Ted Fullwood's House, San Jose

  Gabriel Wooden Sculpture Garden, Eureka

  The Garden of Oz, Los Angeles

  Granny's Empire of Art, San Francisco

  Gregangelo Museum, San Francisco

  Haunted Shack Gardens, Pasadena

  Hollywood Sculpture Garden, Hollywood

  Hubcap Ranch, Pope Valley

  Hulaville (museum display), Victorville

  Magical Nipton Sculpture Garden, Nipton

  Barbara Mendes Gallery, Los Angeles

  The Mosaic Tile House, Venice

  Nitt Witt Ridge, Cambria

  Pacific Grove Butterfly House, Pacific Grove

  Noah Purifoy Outdoor Desert Art Museum, Joshua Tree

  Queen Califia's Magic Circle, Escondido

  Randy Lawrence's Randyland, Los Angeles

  Robolights, Desert Hot Springs

  Rubel Castle, Glendora

  St. Elmo Village, Los Angeles

  Samuelson's Rocks, Twentynine Palms

  Tio's Tacos, Riverside

  Villa Anita, Death Valley

  Wat Dhammararam Buddhist Temple, Stockton

  World Famous Crochet Museum, Joshua Tree


  Bishop Castle, near Beulah

  Cano's Castle, Antonito

  Chris's Granite Paradise, Fort Collins

  The Sculptures of Starr Kempf, Colorado Springs

  Pipe People Theater, Cortez

  Royville, near Saguache


  Hogpen Hill Farms, Woodbury

  Holyland USA, Waterbury

  Wells' Dinosaur Haven, Uncasville


  The Throne of the Third Heaven of the..., Washington

  Volunteering for Jamaica, Washington


  Castle Otttis, Vilano Beach

  Coral Castle, Homestead

  Monument of States, Kissimmee

  The Mosaic House of Dunedin, Dunedin

  Solomon's Castle, Ona

  Peter Wolf Toth Gallery & Museum, Edgewater

  The Warlock House, Wesley Chapel

  Whimzeyland, Safety Harbor


  Pasaquan, near Buena Vista

  Pope's Museum, near Cairo

  The Cemetery Gravestones of Eldren Bailey, Atlanta

  Yvette Gunn's Birdhouse Yard, Atlanta

  Calhoun Rock Garden, Calhoun

  The Art of Ulysses Davis, Savannah

  Druid Hill, Decatur

  Paradise Garden, Pennville

  SamG Land, Clarkesville


  St. Benedict Painted Church, Captain Cook

  Star of the Sea Painted Church, Pahoa


  LaFleur Grotto, Byron

  Bridgeport Castle, Chicago

  Intuit: The Center for Intuitive and Outsider Art, Chicago

  Jubilee Rock Garden, Brimfield

  Woodland Palace, Kewanee


  The Providence Home Geode Grotto, Jasper

  Bill Larkin's Birdhouse Yard, near Loogootee

  Garden of Memories Chapel, Thorntown

  Taylor Sculpture Garden, Zionsville


  Bily Clocks Museum, Spillville

  The Grotto of the Redemption, West Bend

  Father Paul Dobberstein's "Satellite Grottoes"

  Jolly Ridge, Guttenberg

  L.J. Massdam's Wheel Tower, near Grinnell

  Our Mother of Sorrows Grotto, Cedar Rapids

  The Rock Wall at the Porter House, Decorah

  Martha Timm's Rock Garden, New Hampton

  A Little Bit O' Heaven (museum display), Davenport

  Cappella Magna (Sistine Chapel replica), Waterloo

  Matchstick Marvels, Gladbrook

  Sacred Heart Grotto, Gilbertville

  The Statues of Fred Reinders, Hospers


  The Boyer Museum, Belleville

  The Garden of Eden, Lucas

  M.T. Liggett's Totems, Mullinville

  Florence Deeble Rock Garden, Lucas

  Erie Dinosaur Park, Erie

  The Sculptures of Pete Felten (several locations), Hays

  Pete Felten's Stone Gallery, Hays

  Grassroots Art Center, Lucas

  Jurassic Art, Rose Hill

  Miller's Park, Lucas

  Glenn Stark Park, Kingman

  The Village ("Steampunk Village"), Wichita

  The Cemetery Gravestones of Phil Webb, Hosington

  World's Largest Things, Inc., Lucas


  Apple Valley Hillbilly Garden & Toyland, Calvert City


  The Abita Mystery House, Abita Springs

  Kenny Hill's Sculpture Garden, Chauvin

  The Home of Dr. Charles Smith, Hammond

  Cypress Swamp Driftwood Museum, Pierre Part

  The Folk Art Zone, New Orleans

  Juanita Leonard's House & Church, Montgomery


  Langlais Sculpture Preserve, Cushing


  American Visionary Art Museum, Baltimore

  The Mosaics of Loring Cornish, Baltimore

  Vanadu Art House, Hyattsville


  The Paper House, Pigeon Cove

  Three Sisters Sanctuary, Goshen


  The Shrine of the Pines, Baldwin

  The Blue Loop, Bath

  Dabls Mbad African Bead Museum, Detroit

  DavidLand Roadside Attraction, Clawson

  Hamtramck Disneyland, Hamtramck

  The Heidelberg Project, Detroit

  Kaleva Bottle House, Kaleva

  Lakenenland, Marquette

  The Legs Inn, Cross Village

  McCourtie Park, Somerset Center

  John Pratt House (preserved mosaics), near Midland

  Spectra-Gate, Detroit

  The Water Plant Basement Murals, Lansing


  Ak-Sar-Ben Garden, near Aitkin

  Itasca (Christensen) Rock Garden, Albert Lea

  Molehill, Sauk Rapids

  The Home of Werner & Thekla Muense, Minneapolis

  Ellsworth Rock Gardens, Voyageurs National Park

  House of Balls, Minneapolis

  Jarrett Rock Garden, Jarrett

  The Sculptures of Dale Lewis, Hastings

  Nyberg Sculpture Park, Vining

  H.P. Pedersen's Filling Station & Rock Garden, Arco

  Chuck Wiger's Sculpture Garden, near Grand Marais

  The Wolf House, Minneapolis


  Margaret's Grocery, Vicksburg

  Earl's Art Shop, Bovina

  Palestine Gardens, Lucendale


  The Black Madonna Shrine and Grottos, Eureka

  Christian Nativity Rock Museum (museum display), Kearney

  Trail of Tears, near Rolla


  Horn House, Three Forks

  Little Mansion, Roundup

  Pathway Through the Bible, Joliet

  The Sculptures of Lee Steen (museum display), Great Falls


  Charles Horn's Sculpture Garden, Oconto


  Lonnie Hammargren's House, Las Vegas

  Tom Kelly's Bottle House, Beatty

  Rolling Thunder Park, Imlay


  Palace of Depression, Vineland

  George W. Arbuckel's Sculpture Yard, Vineland

  Fairy Garden, Deptford

  Luna Parc, Sandyston Township

  Wilberforce Sylvester's Mural House, Egg Harbor Township

  The Sculptures of Victor Victori, Rutherford

  Yard of Sculptures, Paulsboro


  Dionicio Rodriguez in Clayton

  The Art of Tammy Jean Lange (AKA Tattoo Tammy)

  The Shaffer Hotel, Mountainair

  The Tile House, Albuquerque

  Tinkertown, Sandia Park

  Bobby Valdez' Sculpture Garden, Las Vegas

  Frontera Sculpture Oasis, Columbus

  Leroy Gonzales' Bottle Yard, Golden

  Ra Paulette's Art Caves of New Mexico

  Pecos West Cyclorama (museum display), Aztec


  Isaiah Robertson's Second Coming House, Niagara Falls

  Bensonhurst Statue House, Brooklyn

  Brunel Sculpture Garden, Boiceville

  Circle Museum (AKA Bijan's Junk Art), Austerlitz

  Cobbled Stone Castle, Boonville

  Easter Island on the Hudson, Haverstraw

  Fabulous Furniture, Boiceville

  The Mosaic House, Brooklyn

  Moshini Stone Castle, Swan Lake

  Opus 40, Saugerties

  Pratt Rock, Prattsville

  Rock Star Meadow, Lake Hill

  Taconic Sculpture Park, Chatham

  Veronica Terrillion's Sculpture Garden, Indian River

  Wing's Castle, Millbrook


  Brown's Flower Shop (The Future Past), Littleton

  Haw River Crossing (The Critter Crossing), Bynum

  Shangri-La, Prospect Hill

  Vollis Simpson's Whirligigs, Lucama

  Collettsville Cup House, Collettsville

  Gene Dillard's Fantasyland, Durham

  Arnold Freeman's Art Field, Eagle Springs

  Freeman Round House Museum, Wilson

  Lester Gay's Whirligigs (relocated display), Fountain

  Mary's Gone Wild, Supply

  Occoneechee Trapper's Lodge, Garysburg

  Harry J. Sides' Castle, Kannapolis


  Paul Broste Rock Museum, Parshall

  The Enchanted Highway, between Gladstone and Regent


  Chateau LaRoche, Loveland

  The Hartman Rock Garden, Springfield

  Henry Church Rock, Bentleyville

  The Temple of Tolerance, Wapakoneta

  Lindsey Alexander's House (interior), Columbus

  The Albert Wagner Museum, Cleveland

  Ernest Warther Museum, Dover

  Winceworld, Columbus

  Worden's Ledges, Hinckley


  Totem Pole Park, Foyil

  Stroud UFO, Stroud


  The Petersen Rock Gardens, Redmond

  Living Rock Studios, Brownsville


  Isaiah Zagar's Magic Gardens, Philadelphia

  Fonthill Castle, Doylestown

  Randy Gibson's Randyland, Pittsburgh

  Schaefer's Auto Art, Erie

  Trundle Manor, Pittsburgh


  Concrete City (relocated to Columbia)

  Pearl Fryar's Topiary Garden, Bishopville

  The Button King Museum, Bishopville

  SHE Garden, Winnsboro


  Petrified Wood Park, Lemmon

  Pillars of the Nation at McKennan Park, Sioux Falls

  Porter Sculpture Park, Montrose

  St. Peter's Rock Grotto, Farmer

  Termesphere Gallery, Spearfish


  Dionicio Rodriguez's Crystal Shrine Grotto, Memphis

  The Mindfield, Brownsville

  E.T. Wickham Stone Park, Palmyra

  Fortress of Faith (AKA Greenback Castle), Greenback

  Millennium Manor, Alcoa

  The Museum of Appalachia, Clinton


  The Beer Can House, Houston

  Cadillac Ranch, Amarillo, Texas

  Casa de Azucar, El Paso

  Cascada de Piedra Pinta, San Angelo

  The Cathedral of Junk, Austin

  "The Decoupage House", Galveston

  The Orange Show, Houston (+ The Art Car Parade)

  Dionicio Rodriguez in San Antonio

  Dionicio Rodriguez in Southeast Texas

  Scrapdaddy's Sculpture Garden, Houston

  Smut Putt Heaven, Austin

  Village of Travel Memories in Miniature, San Antonio

  The "Word of God" House, Houston

  Ho Baron's Sculpture Garden, El Paso

  Gary Brewer's Deck House, San Augustine

  Jeffie Brewer's Sculpture Garden, near Nacogdoches

  The Sculpture Yard of Gene Cockrell, Canadian

  The Eclectic Menagerie Park, Houston

  The Totems of Felix "Fox" Harris (museum display), Beaumont

  Jonas Perkins' Home & Studio, near Fredericksburg

  Santa Fe Castle, Santa Fe

  Barney Smith's Toilet Seat Art (relocated display), The Colony

  The Sculpture Garden of Terry Tunes, Liberty Hill


  Carl's Critter Garden, Hanksville

  Gilgal Sculpture Garden, Salt Lake City

  Marble Park, Tremonton


  Bob Cage's Cage Sculpture Farm, South Boston

  Doc Hope's Bottle House, Hillsville

  Anderson Johnson (museum display), Newport News


  Vermontasaurus, Thetford


  Causland Memorial Park, Anacortes

  Dick and Jane's Spot, Ellensburg

  Tim Fowler's Sculpture Garden, Seattle

  Gehrke Windmill Garden, Electric City

  Recycled Spirits of Iron Sculpture Park, Ashford


  Farnham Colossi, Berkeley Springs

  The Sculpture Yard of Ken Sinsel, New Cumberland


  The Forevertron, near Baraboo

  Grandview, Hollandale

  Holy Ghost Grotto, Dickeyville

  The Art of Carl Peterson (relocated to Sheboygan)

  Prairie Moon Garden, near Cochrane

  The Rhinestone Cowboy (relocated to Sheboygan)

  The Rudolph Grotto and Wonder Cave, Rudolph

  Tellen Woodland Sculpture Garden, near Sheboygan

  Wegner Grotto, Cataract

  Wisconsin Concrete Park, Phillips

  The Art Preserve of the Kohler Arts Center, Sheboygan

  The Sculptures of Sid Boyum, Madison

  Madeline Buol Grotto (relocated to Sheboygan)

  The Gunderson House, Aniwa

  Emery Blagdon's Healing Machines (relocated to Sheboygan)

  Fountain City Rock Garden (relocated to Prairie Moon Garden)

  Holy Family Grotto, St. Joseph Ridge

  The Art of Annie Hooper (relocated to Sheboygan)

  Klatt Houses Garden, North Prairie

  Frank Oebser's Little Program (relocated to Sheboygan)

  The Sculptures of Darren Miller, Markesan

  The Sculptures of Ellis Nelson, Muscoda

  Mary Nohl's House, Fox Point

  The Painted Forest, Valton

  Wayward Garden, Milwaukee

  Wouterina's Garden, Beldenville

  Fred Zimmerman's Garage, New Glarus


  Las Pozas, Xilitla

  Timmyland, near San Miguel de Allende

Art Environments
No Longer Extant or
in Severe Disrepair

(click on image for page link)

More Artists

  The Art of Shawn Corbett

  The Art of Donald Keeney

  The Art of Steve White

In Memoriam

  A Tribute to Mr. Imagination

  A Tribute to Mark Fox

  A Tribute to Ras Wayne Vicks

all photos copyright Lawrence Harris except for Gene Hochhalter's photos of The Boyer Gallery

Additional Resources

Kelly Ludwig

Kelly Ludwig's former Detour Art website is now even more amazing


Seymour Rosen's ground-breaking art environment preservation and awareness organization

Minnesota Museum of the Mississippi
and Other Natural Wonders

Matt Bergstrom's phenomenal virtual museum of "curious natural and man-made phenomena"

Fred Scruton Photography

stunning photographs documenting visionary art environments and folk artists

The Roger Brown Study Collection

photographs of environments taken from the late 1960s through the 1980s by the late Chicago artist Roger Brown

The Kohler Foundation

a private Wisconsin-based organization dedicated to education, the arts,
and the preservation of vernacular art environments

The Land Behind

an excellent new blog dedicated to environments and artists

Episode Guide to the 1996 - 2010 PBS series
"Rare Visions and Roadside Revelations"

  Art Environment Ephemera

  NarrowLarry's Visionary Library

back to NarrowLarry home